este Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (1938-1943), designul ei iconic fiind denumit „Colosseumul cubic” sau „pătrat”. The latter took place in the Stadio Olimpico, which is also the shared home stadium for local Serie A clubs S.S. Lazio, founded in 1900, and A.S. Roma, founded in 1927, whose rivalry in the Derby della Capitale has become a staple of Roman sports culture. c/o Pala Postepay Via Flaminia, 867 00191 Roma (Rm) Tel. [61] But not everything went well for the Church during the Counter-Reformation. The city has been a major human settlement for almost three millennia. Vending Group Roma Srl Sede Legale: Via del Nuoto, 7 Roma, RM 00135 Sede Op. Piețele principale sunt Piazza Navona, Piazza di Spagna, Campo de' Fiori, Piazza Venezia, Piazza Farnese și Piazza della Minerva. Rome, which had lost its central role in the administration of the empire, was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths led by Alaric I,[44] but very little physical damage was done, most of which were repaired. După Al Doilea Război Mondial, autoritățile romane și-au dat seama că aveau bazele unui cartier financiar în afara centrului pe care alte capitale încă îl aveau în stadiu de proiect (London Docklands și La Defense în Paris). [38], After the end of the Severan Dynasty in 235, the Empire entered into a 50-year period known as the Crisis of the Third Century during which there were numerous putsches by generals, who sought to secure the region of the empire they were entrusted with due to the weakness of central authority in Rome. Ospedale storico fondato nel 1338, posto nel Centro della Capitale, costituisce oggi una moderna Azienda Ospedaliera dotata di DEA di II Livello. The rising trend in population growth continued until the mid-1980s when the comune had more than 2.8 million residents. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 16 noiembrie 2020, ora 08:40. Roma a depășit în dezvoltarea sa Zidul Servian, dar nu s-au mai construit alte ziduri până în 270 d.Hr., când Aurelian a început construirea Zidurilor Aureliene. In 1874, a fifteenth rione, Esquilino, was created on the newly urbanised zone of Monti. Rome is served by three airports. In 1849, a second Roman Republic was proclaimed during a year of revolutions in 1848. The continuous warfare led to the establishment of a professional army, which turned out to be more loyal to its generals than to the republic. This contained most of the Esquiline and Caelian hills, as well as the whole of the other five. [132] and has been ranked among Europe's 50 and the world's 150 best colleges. Per riflettere, emozionarsi, divertirsi. Notable later medieval mosaics and frescoes can be also found in the churches of Santa Maria in Trastevere, Santi Quattro Coronati, and Santa Prassede. RM-597138 - C.C.I.A.A. Although the city has its own quarter on the Mediterranean Sea (Lido di Ostia), this has only a marina and a small channel-harbour for fishing boats. [61] An idealist and a lover of ancient Rome, Cola dreamed about a rebirth of the Roman Empire: after assuming power with the title of Tribuno, his reforms were rejected by the populace. The Column of Marcus Aurelius was inspired by Trajan's Column at Trajan's Forum, which is part of the Imperial Fora[118], The city of Rome contains numerous famous bridges which cross the Tiber. [48] The figure of 450,000–500,000 is based on the amount of pork, 3,629,000 lbs. Centrul istoric al orașului este dominat de tradiționalele „șapte coline ale Romei”: colinele Capitoliu, Palatin, Viminal, Quirinal, Esquilin, Celian și Aventin. The most representative buildings of EUR are the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (1938–1943), and the Palazzo dei Congressi, examples of the Rationalist style. Orașe  • Rome is a city famous for its numerous fountains, built-in all different styles, from Classical and Medieval, to Baroque and Neoclassical. Unul dintre simbolurile Romei este Colosseumul (70-80 d.Hr. [16], According to the founding myth of the city by the Ancient Romans themselves,[17] the long-held tradition of the origin of the name Roma is believed to have come from the city's founder and first king, Romulus. Rome has many universities and colleges. Roma este, de asemenea, faimoasă pentru piețele ei imense și maiestoase (de multe ori decorate cu obeliscuri), multe dintre care au fost construite în secolul al XVII-lea. The Roman or Latin alphabet is the most widely used writing system in the world used by the greatest number of languages.[160]. Latin evolved during the Middle Ages into a new language, the "volgare". [58][59][60], In 1266, Charles of Anjou, who was heading south to fight the Hohenstaufen on behalf of the pope, was appointed Senator. Currently, maintenance of the catacombs is in the hands of the Papacy which has invested in the Salesians of Don Bosco the supervision of the Catacombs of St. Callixtus on the outskirts of Rome. The tradition handed down seven kings: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius and Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. Cel mai important sit fascist din Roma este districtul Esposizione Universale Roma, construit în 1935. Today, the city is a major artistic centre, with numerous art institutes[150] and museums. [57] In that period the pope died, and the cardinals, summoned in Viterbo, could not agree on his successor. He funded the building of several churches and allowed clergy to act as arbitrators in civil suits (a measure that did not outlast him but which was restored in part much later). After his victory, Caesar established himself as dictator for life. Ro.Ma. A commercial district, Esquilino contains restaurants featuring many kinds of international cuisine. [7] A avut inițial o capacitate de 60.000 de spectatori, după care a fost extins. In the 1950s, Cinecittà was the filming location for several large American film productions, and subsequently became the studio most closely associated with Federico Fellini. municipio) (until 2001 named circoscrizioni). [153] The convention centre features a huge translucent container inside which is suspended a steel and teflon structure resembling a cloud and which contains meeting rooms and an auditorium with two piazzas open to the neighbourhood on either side. After the Gothic Wars, 535–552, the population may have dwindled temporarily to 30,000. [57] In this period the city was also shattered by continuous fights between the aristocratic families: Annibaldi, Caetani, Colonna, Orsini, Conti, nested in their fortresses built above ancient Roman edifices, fought each other to control the papacy. Ancient Roman cuisine was highly influenced by Ancient Greek culture, and after, the empire's enormous expansion exposed Romans to many new, provincial culinary habits and cooking techniques. [157] In parallel, Roman Jews – present in the city since the 1st century BC – developed their own cuisine, the cucina giudaico-romanesca. Rome's main railway station, Termini, is one of the largest railway stations in Europe and the most heavily used in Italy, with around 400 thousand travellers passing through every day. These were almost 19 kilometres (12 mi) long, and were still the walls the troops of the Kingdom of Italy had to breach to enter the city in 1870. In the nearby area of Trastevere, the Orto Botanico (Botanical Garden) is a cool and shady green space. [2] Its metropolitan area is the third-most populous within Italy. Dupa cel de-al doilea razboi mondial a avut loc o crestere masiva a populatiei, ajungand la cifra de 3 milioane de astazi. Cycling was popular in the post-World War II period, although its popularity has faded. Footballers who play for these teams and are also born in the city tend to become especially popular, as has been the case with players such as Francesco Totti and Daniele De Rossi (both for A.S. Roma), and Alessandro Nesta (for S.S. Lazio). The city is the place where the Statute of the International Criminal Court and the European Convention on Human Rights were formulated. si trova in Via Giusto Fontanini, 79 - 00173 - Roma (Zona Industriale Gregna Sant'Andrea), siamo aperti dal lunedì al venerdì con l'orario 8:30–13:00, 14:30–18:30, il … Rome has hosted the final portion of the Giro d'Italia three times, in 1911, 1950, and 2009. Charles founded the Sapienza, the university of Rome. The Pope is the Bishop of Rome and its official seat is the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran (of which the President of the French Republic is ex officio the "first and only honorary canon", a title held by the heads of the French state since King Henry IV of France). It is commonly referred to as "Ciampino Airport", as it is located beside Ciampino, south-east of Rome. Atractii turistice Roma. Aria metropolitană are o populație de circa 4 milioane de locuitori. It surpassed 300,000 in 150 BC. [47] The population decline coincided with the general collapse of urban life in the West in the fifth and sixth centuries, with few exceptions. [74][75][76], The average relative humidity is 75%, varying from 72% in July to 77% in November. Other deities such as Vesta and Minerva were honoured. While most of the parks surrounding the villas were destroyed during the building boom of the late 19th century, some of them remain. În 756 Pepin cel Scurt i-a oferit papei jurisdicție lumească asupra Romei și zonelor limitrofe, creând astfel Statele Papale. Originally, these consisted of the Servian Wall, which was built twelve years after the Gaulish sack of the city in 390 BC. Soc. The main harbour which serves Rome is Port of Civitavecchia, located about 62 kilometres (39 miles) northwest of the city.[166]. The damage caused by the sackings may have been overestimated. Numerous highly important religious educational institutions are also in Rome, such as the Pontifical Lateran University, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Pontifical Gregorian University, and Pontifical Oriental Institute. Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, Pontifical Croatian College of St. Jerome, Bibliotheca Hertziana – Max Planck Institute of Art History, MAXXI – National Museum of the 21st Century Arts, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Statute of the International Criminal Court, List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy, "What is the smallest country in the world? Today, Cinecittà is the only studio in the world with pre-production, production, and full post-production facilities on one lot, allowing directors and producers to walk in with their script and "walkout" with a completed film. Traditionally, pilgrims in Rome (as well as devout Romans) visit the seven pilgrim churches (Italian: Le sette chiese) in 24 hours. Tel: 06.68300175. 2 The term also refers to the music they produced. Rome is the national capital of Italy and is the seat of the Italian Government. În acest timp, neoclasicismul, un stil arhitectonic influențat de arhitectura Antichității, a devenit influența principală asupra arhitecturii orașului. di Roma - Cap. Rome became a major gastronomical centre during the ancient Age. Rome is also home to other sports teams, including volleyball (M. Roma Volley), handball or waterpolo. Abonează-te la notificările și vei primi o selecție riguroasă a celor mai importante știri ale zilei. Rome is the seat of the so-called Polo Romano[173] made up by three main international agencies of the United Nations: the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). Deși relativ mic, vechiul centru al orașului conține aproximativ 300 de hotele și 300 pensiuni,[8] peste 200 de palate,[8] 900 de biserici,[8] opt dintre parcurile principale ale Romei, reședința președintelui republicii, casele Parlamentului, birouri ale orașului și guvernului local, precum și multe monumente faimoase. Many of the famous city's squares – some huge, majestic and often adorned with obelisks, some small and picturesque – took their present shape during the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Spațiul liber din fața bazilicii a fost reconceput de Gian Lorenzo Bernini, din 1656 până în 1667, sub direcția Papei Alexandru al VII-lea, ca o curte adecvată necesităților, gândită astfel încât un număr cât mai mare de oameni „să-l poată vedea pe Papă dându-și binecuvântarea, fie din mijlocul fațadei bisericii, fie dintr-o fereastră a Palatului Vatican” (Norwich 1975 p 175). Throughout the history of Rome, the urban limits of the city were considered to be the area within the city's walls. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. Aveau o lungime de aproape 19 km, și a fost zidul pe care trupele regale italiene au trebuit să-l străpungă pentru a intra în oraș, în 1870. Direttore di sala, camerieri, chef e lavapiatti. Inginerie  • As a consequence of education and media like radio and television, Romanesco became more similar to standard Italian. The municipi frequently cross the boundaries of the traditional, non-administrative divisions of the city. Among the global cities, Rome is unique in having two sovereign entities located entirely within its city limits, the Holy See, represented by the Vatican City State, and the territorially smaller Sovereign Military Order of Malta. [61], Beginning with the Council of Trent in 1545, the Church began the Counter-Reformation in response to the Reformation, a large-scale questioning of the Church's authority on spiritual matters and governmental affairs. Before his early death, Raphael also promoted for the first time the preservation of the ancient ruins. The main activities during his government were: the "isolation" of the Capitoline Hill; Via dei Monti, later renamed Via del'Impero, and finally Via dei Fori Imperiali; Via del Mare, later renamed Via del Teatro di Marcello; the "isolation" of the Mausoleum of Augustus, with the erection of Piazza Augusto Imperatore; and Via della Conciliazione. [32], The conquest of Gaul made Caesar immensely powerful and popular, which led to a second civil war against the Senate and Pompey. [165] As well as frequent high-speed day trains to all major Italian cities, Rome is linked nightly by 'boat train' sleeper services to Sicily, and internationally by overnight sleeper services to Munich and Vienna by ÖBB Austrian railways. Tehnologie  • • 2020-12-07 Bollettino settimanale Covid-19 Asl Roma 6 Maggiori dettagli 2020-11-26 Il PUA Distretto 1 si fa in tre Maggiori dettagli 2020-11-19 Utilizzo poliambulatorio Tor … This was accomplished by the Roman poet Virgil in the first century BC. [61] The return of the pope to Rome in that year unleashed the Western Schism (1377–1418), and for the next forty years, the city was affected by the divisions which rocked the Church. Simona Halep, locul 2 WTA, a învins-o luni pe Karolina Pliskova, 4 WTA, și a devenit în premieră campioană la Roma. Rome's cuisine has evolved through centuries and periods of social, cultural, and political changes. La scuola di musica RO.GI ha rappresentato per me una scuola di vita; un punto di riferimento per la sua competenza e le opportunità che ha sempre offerto dal 1990 ad oggi. B1 connects to line B at Piazza Bologna and has four stations over a distance of 3.9 km (2 mi). [57], In this period, the papacy played a role of secular importance in Western Europe, often acting as arbitrators between Christian monarchs and exercising additional political powers. They are often, due to their status, covered with placards or graffiti expressing political ideas and points of view. [126][needs update] The Rome area had a GDP amounting to $167.8 billion, and $38,765 per capita. [23] This legend had to be reconciled with a dual tradition, set earlier in time, that had the Trojan refugee Aeneas escape to Italy and found the line of Romans through his son Iulus, the namesake of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. [21] However, none of them yet had an urban quality. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, the twins who were suckled by a she-wolf. Caput Mundi (Latin)The Capital of the world, Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma [ˈroːma] (listen)) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale), as well as the capital of the Lazio region. Rugby union is gaining wider acceptance. The Bishops of Rome were also seen (and still are seen by Catholics) as the successors of Peter, who is considered the first Bishop of Rome. [171] There is also one trolleybus line, opened in 2005, and additional trolleybus lines are planned.[172]. in 1870 the French troops were withdrawn due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Centrul Romei este înconjurat de niște spații verzi mari și vechi ville romane opulente, care sunt rămășițele villelor care înconjurau orașul papal. After the fall of Napoleon, the Papal States were reconstituted by a decision of the Congress of Vienna of 1814. During this period, the years of la dolce vita ("the sweet life"), Rome became a fashionable city, with popular classic films such as Ben Hur, Quo Vadis, Roman Holiday and La Dolce Vita filmed in the city's iconic Cinecittà Studios. Architecturally, Italian Fascism favoured the most modern movements, such as Rationalism. [7] Evidence of stone tools, pottery, and stone weapons attest to about 10,000 years of human presence. [122] With a 2005 GDP of €94.376 billion (US$121.5 billion),[123][needs update] the city produces 6.7% of the national GDP (more than any other single city in Italy), and its unemployment rate, lowered from 11.1% to 6.5% between 2001 and 2005, is now one of the lowest rates of all the European Union capital cities. In addition, Rome has only 21 taxis for every 10,000 inhabitants, far below other major European cities. [23], In 509 BC, the Romans expelled the last king from their city and established an oligarchic republic. De multe ori trecută cu vederea, moștenirea medievală a Romei este una dintre cele mai importante dintre cele ale orașelor italiene. [21] This aggregation was facilitated by the increase of agricultural productivity above the subsistence level, which also allowed the establishment of secondary and tertiary activities. Înconjurând centrul, sunt 35 quartieri urbani (sectoare urbane), și în limitele orașului se află șase mari suburbi. Personale paninoteca [61] During this period Rome was neglected, until a plebeian man, Cola di Rienzo, came to power. Henceforth, civilian administration and military command would be separate. [53], After the Lombard invasion of Italy, the city remained nominally Byzantine, but in reality, the popes pursued a policy of equilibrium between the Byzantines, the Franks, and the Lombards. [citation needed][clarification needed] Population growth continued after the Second World War, helped by a post-war economic boom. Date: Recensăminte sau birourile de statistică - grafică realizată de Wikipedia, Agricultură  • Today because of mass tourism, many languages are used in servicing tourism, especially English which is widely known in tourist areas, and the city hosts large numbers of immigrants and so has many multilingual immigrant areas. [90] According to Krautheimer it was still close to 800,000 in 400 AD; had declined to 500,000 by 452, and dwindled to perhaps 100,000 in 500 AD.